How to prevent meningitis

A medical expert, Mr Yusuf Ibrahim, has advised people to ensure good personal hygiene and sleep in well-ventilated rooms to curtail the spread of Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis (CSM).

Ibrahim gave the advice in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), on Wednesday in Hadejia, Jigawa.

He said the call was imperative to curtail transmission of the disease in view of the outbreak recorded in some parts of the country.

Ibrahim explained that symptoms of the disease included a headache, fever, and loss of consciousness in patients with severe infection.

“Meningitis typically begins with a headache; nausea and vomiting, stiff neck, chills, and fever.

“As the disease progresses, the patient becomes less rational, decrease the level of consciousness, and lapses into a coma,’’ he said.

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Ibrahim noted that children and adults were vulnerable to infections, adding that the disease could be prevented through proper care and good personal hygiene.

The medical practitioner advised mothers to bathe their children at regular intervals and sleep in well-ventilated rooms.

“Caregivers should give special attention to children to keep them healthy. It is also good to wash hands, fruits, and vegetables before eating,’’ he said.

Ibrahim also advised people against extreme exposure to the sun to protect themselves against skin diseases.

The medical practitioner called on governments and development organisations to increase surveillance and sensitisation activities at grassroots to curtail the disease.